Research

The Advanced Research in Dentistry (ARD) is a multidisciplinary research center. Our mission is to generate new scientific knowledge and that leads to improvements in dental care and oral disease prevention relevant to societal need. It was an effort to holistically integrate and coordinate the research and education programs in dentistry. The main focus of our research is to elucidate the cellular and molecular mechanisms of oral diseases, on validation of clinical, diagnostic and community strategies to improve oral health. Institute provide excellent opportunities for postgraduate and doctoral research in dental related topics.

CARD represents a key commitment for preserving and raising the efficiency of dental research to international quality. It boosts the research-relevant infrastructure of basic science and technology at molecular level in oral sciences. In this connection, this central facility was planned to house the most modern equipments to service users of the ever-expanding number of UG and PG students and researchers with various needs. A future endeavor will be to make this facility available to other academic and research institutions, industries and organizations in the neighborhood.

The Centre through research, seeks to

  • Improve the quality and outcomes of dental care for patients
  • Discover and develop novel methods of treatment for diagnosis and treatment
  • To publish cutting edge research articles in international peer reviewed journals
  • To provide consultancy for other college students, researchers and industry personnel.

 

Areas of Research at ARD include

  • Biomarker validation for oral cancer.
  • Genetic signatures of oral cancer
  • Identifying the microbial population affecting the prosthetics
  • Novel restorative materials development
  • Interrelationship of periodontitis with systemic diseases
  • Dental stem cell research
  • Salivary Biochemistry
  • Effect of nutrition on oral health in pediatric and geriatric subjects

 

CODE OF ETHICS

 

The purpose of the Code of Ethics is to provide a set of guiding principles to promote exemplary ethical standards in research

  1. act with honorand in accordance with the highest standards of professional integrity;
  2. conduct work with objectivity;
  3. communicate in an honestand responsible manner;
  4. show considerationand respect for all components of and individuals associated with the research process;
  5. cultivate an environment whereby differences in perspective, experience and cultureare recognized and valued;
  6. maintain appropriate standards of accuracy, reliability, credit, candor and confidentialityin all research and scholarship activities;
  7. Use all resources prudently, taking into account appropriate laws and regulations.

The prevention of misconduct in research is best achieved through the education of all individuals involved in research. It is a recommendation that all researchers should participate in appropriate educational activities, which is mandatory in some institutions. Of critical importance is maintaining up to date knowledge of best practices and the mentoring of colleagues and students.

Research

Statement of ethical principles for research involving human participants, including research on identifiable human material and data, which is subject to ethical standards that promote respect for all human participants and protect their health and rights.

Research must adhere to the fundamental principles that respect the needs for autonomy, beneficence and justice as well as veracity, fidelity, anonymity and nonmalficence.

Human participant research comprises, but is not limited to, investigative clinical research, clinical trials, studies using tissue samples and records.  Biogenetics, using stem cells and utilizing tissue banks requires complete transparency in all aspects of consenting and confidentiality. It is imperative that investigators remain up to date as these areas are more likely to be subject to legislative change.

Conflicts of interest

Each individual is expected to behave in an ethical way to avoid conflict in terms of decision making, publication of data and post-study investigator responsibility. The appearance of a conflict of interest, such as the potential for financial and personal gain, can often be as damaging as an actual act of conflict of interest. Full disclosure of any potential conflict of interest must be made to the investigator’s institution or to the Associations as applicable.

The intellectual property rights of all participating researchers should be protected by giving proper credit for the origin of the new ideas. Intellectual property rights apply to any potential commercial gain, and must be agreed at the outset of the project by the investigators, their institutions and/or any other external body, such as a sponsoring company.

Dissemination of information

Most scientific journals ask authors to make declarations at submission about the integrity of their research.  Many journals have experienced plagiarism so that editors of journals need to develop policies to minimize the publication of articles containing evidence of scientific misconduct.

It is expected that authors, in any communication, such as manuscripts or abstracts, whether in paper or electronic format, representing a body of research should:

  • not inappropriately fragment data into several different publications;
  • Adhere to predetermined guidelines regarding qualification and order of authorship;
  • Read the final manuscript and agree to its submission for review and publication.

 

Emphasis should be on quality rather than quantity of research as a criterion for recognition of scholarship.
Appropriate written permission must be obtained to publish any type of image, which should not identify the participant.

Definitions

  1. Conflict of interest is any situation in which personal interest, or interests which an individual owes to another body, and those of the organization arise simultaneously or appear to clash.
  2. Error: The inadvertent or unrecognized omission of a result or experimental detail, or the misinterpretation of data. (A clear distinction must be made between error and fraud. The former can be tolerated, but once recognized must be corrected. The latter cannot be condoned under any circumstances.)
  3. Fraudindicates deliberate fabrication, falsification, or omission of data. It constitutes deception and therefore undermines the scientific enterprise from every aspect.
  4. Plagiarismis the representation of another’s work in any form as one’s own without appropriate acknowledgment.
  5. Misconductis the fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, or other serious deviation from accepted practices in proposing, carrying out, or reporting results from research.  It is the failure to comply with international, national, local and institutional requirements for the protection of researchers, human participants, and the public. It is also the failure to meet other legal requirements governing research.
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